Activists and ReformersMartin Luther King Jr. – He was a prominent leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He was best known for advancement of civil rights in the United States and around the world by using non-violent methods. For this King has become an iconic figure in the history of modern American liberalism. He also received Noble Prize for peace in the year 1964.
Cesar Chavez – He was a Mexican-American labor leader, who used nonviolent methods to fights for the migrant farmers in USA. His tireless protest against the pathetic working conditions of the migrant framers become fruitful and gave birth to the National Farm Workers Association, which later became the United Farm Workers.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton – Was the leading activist of the early woman’s movements. In 1969 along with Susan B. Anthony they formed the National Woman Suffrage Association. Their main objective was to secure women’s rights to vote.
Jane Addams - Was a pioneer settlement worker, founder of Hull House in Chicago. House that provide aid to the impoverished class families are called “settlement house”, and Hull House was one of them. She dedicated her entire life to improve the life of the impoverished classes through her social work.
American Leaders and StatesmanGeorge C. Marshall – He was best remembered for his effort in constituting peace. He was appointed in a major rank in both World War I & II. In his role as a secretary of state, he convinced the Congress to give Europe $13 billion to help rebuild. It was known as “Marshall Plan” and won acclamation from many parts of the world. He also received Noble Prize for this, as it brought peace and hope to many nations.
William Jennings Bryan - He was the defender of the common lot comprising of the farmers and laborers. In 1890 he won a seat in the U.S House of Representative, and worked tirelessly for the betterment of the impoverished class. His efforts on this matter earned him the title the "Great Commoner".
Benjamin Franklin – He was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He was a multi-talented genius. He was a writer, a scientist, a statesman, an inventor, a civic leader and a diplomat. He was also the only man to sign the Declaration of Independence, a treaty of peace with Britain which ended the Revolutionary War, and the Constitution.
George S. Patton – He was best known for his leadership as general during World War II. Apart from this he was also very well known for his eccentricity and outspokenness. He was one of the key reasons that led US to victories in many wars. Patton got command over US Third Army in 1944. Which liberated more territories and captured more enemy prisoner in a very small span of time, than any other army in the military history?
John Joseph Pershing – He was a general officer in the US Army and leader of the American Expeditionary Force in the World War I. Pershing was the only person who was promoted to the highest rank ever held in the United States Army that is the General of the Armies rank, in his own lifetime.
Thurgood Marshall – Hewas the first Afro-American memberof the Supreme Court. He dedicated his entire life to promote social justice and civil rights through law. he was also remembered for the numerous arguments of the cases he made before the United States Supreme Court than anyone else in history.
Explorers and Adventurers
Amelia Earhart – She was the noted American aviation pioneer and author. She was the first person to receive the U.S Distinguished Flying Cross award for becoming the first aviatrix to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. She set many other records and wrote best-selling books about her flying experiences and was instrumental in the formation of The Ninety-Nines, an organization for female pilots.
Meriwether Lewis and William Clark – They were well known for their expedition from the Mississippi River to the West Coast and back. The expedition began in May of 1804 and ended in September 1806.
Composers and Musicians
Duke Ellington - He was one of the founding fathers of jazz music. He started composing at the young age of 15. Being was a multi-talented man he was a pianist, bandleader, arranger and composer, in short all in one. He and his band played together for 50 years. "Don't Get Around Much Anymore," "Sophisticated Lady" and "In a Sentimental Mood", are some of his most famous songs.
Leonard Bernstein - He was the first American-born, internationally acclaimed orchestra conductor. He travelled around the world as a conductor and promotes appreciation of the music of American composers. Apart from his classical works, he also wrote music for Broadway. Some of his memorable creations are West Side Story (1957) and On the Town (1944).
John Philip Sousa – Hewas an American composer and entertainer. After serving as the leader of the U.S Marine Band, he formed his own band, the Sousa band which entertained millions of people around the world. Operettas, waltzes and popular songs were also his forte.
Writers and Artists
Langston Hughes – Was an American poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, and columnist. He was also one of the earliest innovators of the then-new literary art form know as jazz poetry. He was best known for his work during the Harlem Renaissance. He used this literary work as the path to promote equality and condemn racism and injustice.
Mark Twain - He was an American author and humorist, and his original name was Samuel Langhorne Clemens. He was better known by his pen name Mark Twain. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn are the most noted novels of Twain. This novel are often refer as the "the Great American Novel."
Frank Lloyd Wright – was an American architect, interior designer, writer and educator, who designed more than 1,000 structures and completed 500 works. He believes in creating structures that will be in harmony with humanity and environment. His philosophy is best represented by his creation of “Fallingwater”, which has been called the best all time work of American architecture.
Scientists and Inventors
George Washington Carver – He was a multifaceted man, a scientisty, a botanist, educator and inventor. His work is noted for the promotion of alternative crops to cotton, such as peanuts, soya beans, sweet potatoes. His aim was to provide poor farmers with such a crop that will serve both as a source of aid and to improve their quality of life. He showed that in how many different ways a single product can be used, such as peanuts. He received numerous honors for his work, including the Spingarn Medal of the NAACP.
Thomas Alva Edison - He was noted for inventing than 1000 things among which were phonograph and motion picture projector. Edison also created the first industrial research laboratory.