school projects

Hunter's Home



People have always needed protection from the weather. For most of human history, the Earth's climate has been much colder than it is today. Early humans lived in huts out in the open during summer but moved into caves when the harsh winter weather came. They built stone windbreaks across the entrances. Inside, there were inner huts made of branches and animal bones to provide further protection from the cold. Hunters following herds of game built temporary shelters of branches and leaves in the summer. Families lived in camps of huts made of branches and leaves in the summer. Families lived in camps of huts made of branches and animal skins. Farther north, where there were no caves and few trees, people built huts from mammoths' leg bones and tusks. Wherever they settled, however, it was very important to be near a supply of fresh water.

Place to shelter


A PLACE TO SHELTER At Terra Almata, southern France, hominids (early humans) lived in groups. They established camps made up of several simple shelters, to which they returned year after year. The huts were made of tree branches and weighted down with stones.

Skin Huts

SKIN HUTS
Huts at Monte Verde, Chile, were made of wood covered with animal skins. They are the earliest evidence for human-made shelters in the Americas. The remains were preserved in peaty soil, along with other items, such as a wooden bowl and digging sticks.


How to make a Hunter's Home :

You will need :
Self-hardening clay
Cutting board
Modeling tool
Twigs
Ruler
Scissors
Card
Brown and Green acrylic paint
Water pot
Paintbrushes
White glue
Glue brush
Fake grass or green fabric

Step 1
Step 1
Roll out lengths of self-hardening clay, and shape them to look like long and short mammoth bones and tusks. Then make some small clay stones in different sizes.


Step 2
Step 2
Place a large, transparent plastic bag over the plant, taking care not to damage the leaves. Tape the bag tightly around the pot. Leave the plant overnight.


Step 3
Step 3
Lay the twigs next to a ruler. Then use a pair of scissors to cut the twigs so that they are about 6 inches long. You will need about eight evenly sized twigs in all.


Step 4
Step 4
Roll out some more clay and spread it unevenly over a piece of card. Paint the clay a brown-green color to look like soil and grass. Do not leave the base to dry.


Step 5
\Step 5
Push the twigs into the clay base, and arch them over to form a cone-shaped frame. Glue a few stones onto the clay at the base of each of the twigs.


Step 6
Step 6
Cover the twigs with pieces of fake grass or green fabric. Leave a gap at one side for the entrance. Glue the pieces in place. Take care not to cover up the stones around the base.


Step 7
Step 7
Neatly glue the long mammoth bones and tusks all over the outside of the hunter's shelter. Fill in any gaps with smaller bones. Leave the hunter's home to dry.


Hunter's shelter
Step 7
Neatly glue the long mammoth bones and tusks all over the outside of the hunter's shelter. Fill in any gaps with smaller bones. Leave the hunter's home to dry.



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