The Moon is the Earth’s closest neighbor in space. The Moon is the only satellite of Earth. It measures 2,160 miles across, about quarter of the size of the Earth. It circles the Earth at a distance of about 239,000 miles, and makes the journey about once a month. The Moon has no light of its own. It reflects the light from the Sun. The sunlight illuminates different parts of the Moon as the month goes by. This makes the Moon seem to change its shape. The Moon spins around slowly as it circles the Earth, so the same side is always turned toward the Earth. We only see the Moon lit up completely once a month, but you do not have to wait a month to see the changes in the shape and phases of the Moon. The project here will show you in just a few minutes how the Moon goes through its phases!
FACE OF THE MOON
This picture shows a view of the Moon from the Earth. When the whole Moon is lit up like this, we call it a full Moon. The darker regions on the surface are great, dusty plains called seas, or maria. The lighter areas are highlands. These are pitted with craters that are sometimes hundreds of miles across. Mountains on the Moon rise to more than 18,000 feet.
MAKE YOUR OWN MOON
YOU WILL NEED
Soccer or beach ball, glue, glue brush, glass, tinfoil, scissors, reusable adhesive, flashlight.
GOING THROUGH THE PHASES