All butterflies and moths go through a metamorphosis (change). They start as caterpillars then, as pupae, encase themselves in a cocoon, where a remarkable change take place and they finally emerge as adults. Caterpillars feed on leafy plants, such as grasses and nettles. Adult moths and butterflies gather on plants with nectar-bearing flowers. As you will see from the projects here, bright lights and mixture of fruit and sugar will bring moths fluttering. Some butterflies have wings with warning colors. The markings tell predators that they are poisonous to eat. Other butterflies are harmless, but mimic (copy) poisonous species. Their colors fool predators into avoiding them, too. The best way to attract butterflies is to plant a butterfly garden. Choose plants that bloom at various times of the year.
Garden gloves, trowel, small flashlight, camera.
Brown sugar, spoon, food scales, mixing bowl, soft overripe fruit, fork warm water, paintbrush, flashlight, field guide.
Seeds or young plants, gloves, trowel, rake, watering can, notebook, pencil, field guide.