Read about the interesting histories of Children's Day celebrations across the world:
Universal Children's Day is observed every year on the 20th of November. It was in 1954 when, to protect children from having to work long hours in unsafe conditions; allowing all children to have access to learning; and to work towards achieving many other rights for children, the UN General Assembly recommended that all countries should establish a Universal Children's Day on an "appropriate" day. On November 20, 1959, the United Nations adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child spelling out specific rights to which all children should be entitled. And from this time, Children's Day began to be celebrated on 20th November of every year.
International Children's Day is celebrated every year in the second Sunday in December. This is a joint initiative between UNICEF and the International Academy of Television Arts and Sciences. It's a day when special programmes are broadcasted for kids. The occassion is said to have originated in Turkey on April 23, 1920 and later in the `World Conference for the Well Being of Children', held in Geneva, Switzerland in 1925. After the conference, governments around the world decided to specify a day as Children's Day to draw attention to children's issues. Many countries, including the Soviet Union, chose June 1. And from this time, International children's day is celebrated on the 1st of June each year.
World Children's Day is always annually observed on the 20th of November. This is a day McDonald's uses as a fundraiser for Ronald McDonald House Charities. It was on November 20th, 2002, when World Children's Day was first held officially. The occassion is celebrated every year in honour of children of the world and also as an annual global fundraiser to benefit branches of Ronald McDonald House Charities around the world. Today, World Children's Day is celebrated in more than 100 countries.
In Japan, Children's Day is observed as a national holiday called "Kodomo no Hi" and is celebrated annually on May 5th. Kodomo no Hi meaning "Children's Day" is a part of the Japanese Golden Week festival and is held in honour of children and to celebrate their happiness. It was in 1948 that the Japanese government declared Children's Day as a National holiday. The day was originally called "Tango no Sekku". It was known as Boys' Day and was dedicated in honor of boys while Girls' Day (Hinamatsuri) was celebrated on March 3. But in 1948, the government decreed this day to be a national holiday to celebrate the happiness of all children and to express gratitude toward mothers. It was renamed Kodomo no Hi. Children's Day in Japan is a festive day to celebrate the life of children. The holiday is believed to have started in China where the people would hang medicinal herbs to ward off childhood diseases. In Japan it is often celebrated by giving children kites and hanging streamers.