Before we could proceed, we should have some knowledge regarding the term of recycling. Recycling is a process and regarded as a key part of the green movement, This encourages some lifestyle changes which could be beneficial for us along with the environment. Recycling doesn’t mean we can only renew certain materials like plastics, paper and glass. Conserving water is also a vital role in our life process. Recycling water helps to conserve energy as well as other natural resources. There are several ways in which we can recycle water resources.
In the kitchen
Always keep a basin or tub in your sink to catch as much water as we can use to rinse vegetables .We can use a few drops of baby shampoo or dish soap to eliminate any grease that may be in the water, which on behalf can be used water houseplants or to mop floors. You can also combine clean water with white vinegar to utilize it for all kinds of cleaning purposes.
In the bathroom
Whenever prefer to take a bath, collect the water in buckets when you’re done. Water which could recycle from showers and baths can be used to water outdoor plants and shrubbery, or can used to clean floor, wash your car or give pets a bath.
Collecting rainwater allows us to conserve energy as well as helps to utilize it for a variety of purposes. We can collect water in buckets or in large barrel and use it as for watering for plants.If we intend to wash cars then use a bucket of some water instead of the hose. Another vital way in which we can recycle water is using rainwater harvesting technique.
Rainwater harvesting is the process of accumulating and storing of rainwater mainly for reuse before it reaches the aquifer. It would be used to provide drinking water, water for livestock, water for irrigation as well as for other purposes.
Rainwater is mainly collected from the roofs of houses and local institutions can be considered as an important contribution to the availability of drinking water.
Advantages of Rainwater harvesting
1. Rainwater harvesting can supply independent water facilities even during water restrictions. It can generate beneficial effects by reducing peak storm water runoff.
2. Rainwater harvesting is simple to install and to operate. They are very much natural and less expensive and provide water any point of consumption.
3. Rainwater harvesting has been considered essential mostly in urban communities by some companies. There are some other practices has been adopted of collecting rainwater directly from deep inside the ground through pipes or shafts. Such practices will carry some pollutants to the ground and thus can pollute it. So, the best practice to utilize is to store water in ponds, lakes and other related reservoirs so that the water gets filtered properly before entering into the ground.
There are two ways of harvesting rainwater-
Surface runoff harvesting
In urban area, rainwater flows as surface runoff. This runoff water could be used for recharging aquifers by adopting appropriate methods.
Roof top rainwater harvesting
It is a system of collecting rainwater whenever it falls. In rooftop harvesting, the roof becomes the catchments and the rainwater could be collected from the roofs of the houses. Then, It can store in a tank in the artificial recharge system. This method is less expensive but very much useful if implemented properly and helps in augmenting the ground water area.
The components of the rooftop rainwater harvesting system
The system consists mainly of following sub components :
Grey water recycling
The term “greywater” refers to non-industrial waste-water(the water that goes down the drain as you take showers, wash dishes or do laundry). The greywater recycling system only withdraws the water that flows through your home’s drain pipes and helps to conserve it so that to use it again. The waste-water could be filtered by a filtration system which would be connected to your drainage pipes and then returns back into the home. The advantage of using grey water is that it can be used to water lawn or outdoor small plants or to flush toilets indoors but most the important thing that we CANNOT use it especially for cooking or drinking purposes.